Can Perennials Grow Through Landscape Fabric?

When it comes to gardening, one of the challenges faced by gardeners is keeping weeds under control. One popular method for preventing weeds is using landscape fabric, which is designed to suppress weed growth while allowing water and nutrients to pass through to the soil.

However, gardeners often wonder whether perennials can grow through landscape fabric. In short, yes, they can. Strong perennials can grow through landscape fabric. In this blog post, we will explore this question in depth and provide you with the information you need to know.

Can Perennials Grow Through Landscape Fabric?

What Is Landscape Fabric and Why Use It?

Landscape fabric is a popular tool used by gardeners to control weed growth and maintain a neat appearance in their gardens. The fabric is made of woven or non-woven materials and is placed over the soil to block weeds from growing while allowing water and nutrients to pass through to the plants.

However, while landscape fabric is an effective weed control method, it can also pose a problem for gardeners when it comes to planting perennials.

On one hand, landscape fabric can help prevent weed growth, which can be a significant problem for perennials, especially in their early stages of growth. Weeds can compete with perennials for nutrients and water, stunting their growth or even killing them.

On the other hand, landscape fabric can also hinder the growth of perennials by preventing their roots from penetrating the soil. This can be a significant problem, especially for plants with shallow root systems, as they may struggle to establish themselves in the soil.

When used correctly, landscape fabric can be an effective tool for weed control and plant growth. However, if used improperly, it can hinder the growth of perennials and even cause them to die.

Choosing the Right Landscape Fabric for Your Garden

When it comes to choosing landscape fabric for your garden, there are several different types available, each with its own unique characteristics and materials. Understanding the differences between these types of fabric can help you choose the best option for your specific needs.

Woven Landscape Fabric

Woven landscape fabric is made of polypropylene and is the most common type of landscape fabric. It is a durable option that is designed to last for several years. Woven fabric is porous, allowing water and nutrients to pass through while blocking weed growth. This type of fabric is ideal for areas with heavy foot traffic or for use under rocks or gravel.

Non-Woven Landscape Fabric

Non-woven landscape fabric is made of polyester and is a lighter-weight option than woven fabric. It is less durable than woven fabric but still provides good weed control. Non-woven fabric is designed to be used in areas with less foot traffic, such as under mulch or in flower beds.

Permeable Landscape Fabric

Permeable landscape fabric is made of a biodegradable material, such as jute, and is designed to break down over time. It is a good option for gardeners who want a more environmentally friendly option. Permeable fabric is porous and allows water and nutrients to pass through while blocking weed growth.

Impermeable Landscape Fabric

Impermeable landscape fabric is made of plastic and is not porous, which means it does not allow water or nutrients to pass through. It is a good option for use under hardscaping, such as patios or walkways, but is not recommended for use in planting areas.

When choosing the right landscape fabric for your garden, consider the intended use and the type of plants you will be growing. For areas with heavy foot traffic, woven fabric is the best option as it is the most durable. Non-woven fabric is a good option for areas with less foot traffic, while permeable fabric is ideal for environmentally conscious gardeners. Impermeable fabric should be used only for hardscaping and not for planting areas.

How to Plant Perennials?

Planting perennials is an excellent way to add color and variety to your garden year after year. However, to ensure that your perennials grow healthy and strong, it is essential to follow the proper planting techniques.

Soil Preparation

The first step in planting perennials is to prepare the soil. Start by removing any weeds or debris from the area. Then, work organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure, into the soil to improve its texture and fertility. The soil should be well-draining, as perennials do not tolerate waterlogged soil.


When planting perennials, it is essential to space them properly. The spacing will depend on the mature size of the plant, so be sure to read the label before planting. As a general rule, most perennials should be spaced 12 to 24 inches apart. Spacing them too closely can lead to overcrowding and competition for resources, while spacing them too far apart can leave gaps in your garden.

Perennial Selection

Choosing the right perennials for your garden is essential to ensure they thrive in your area. Consider factors such as sunlight, soil type, and climate when selecting your plants. Some popular perennial options include coneflowers, daylilies, and hostas. Native perennials are also a good choice as they are well-adapted to your area and often require less maintenance.

Planting Technique

When planting perennials, dig a hole that is slightly larger than the root ball of the plant. Gently loosen the roots and place the plant in the hole. Backfill with soil, being sure to pack it firmly around the plant. Water thoroughly after planting.

Pros and Cons of Landscape Fabric

Landscape fabric is a popular choice for gardeners to control weeds, conserve moisture, and improve plant growth. However, as with any gardening technique, there are both benefits and drawbacks to using landscape fabric.


  • Weed Control: Landscape fabric is an effective way to control weeds in your garden. By placing the fabric on the soil, it prevents weed seeds from germinating and growing.
  • Moisture Retention: Landscape fabric also helps to conserve moisture in the soil. By reducing evaporation, it can help your plants to stay hydrated during dry spells.
  • Plant Growth: Landscape fabric can improve plant growth by providing a stable growing environment. It helps to regulate soil temperature, prevent soil erosion, and protect plant roots from damage.


  • Limited Air and Water Penetration: One of the major drawbacks of landscape fabric is that it can limit the amount of air and water that reaches the soil. This can lead to poor soil health, root suffocation, and reduced plant growth.
  • Difficulty in Planting and Maintenance: Landscape fabric can be difficult to plant through and can require extra effort to maintain. For example, if you need to add compost or fertilizer to your garden, you will need to remove the fabric and then replace it afterward.
  • Short Lifespan: Landscape fabric typically has a limited lifespan of a few years. After this time, it can begin to break down and become less effective.

Consider factors such as soil health, plant needs, and long-term maintenance before making your decision.

Can Perennials Grow Through Landscape Fabric?

Perennials are a favorite choice for many gardeners due to their ability to come back year after year. However, when it comes to growing them through landscape fabric, there is some debate as to whether or not it is possible.

The short answer is yes, perennials can grow through landscape fabric. However, the success of their growth will depend on several factors, including the type of fabric used and the specific plant’s needs.

Landscape fabric is designed to prevent weed growth by blocking sunlight from reaching the soil. However, it is not completely impermeable and allows some air and water to pass through. This permeability can be crucial for the survival and growth of perennials.

Studies have shown that landscape fabric can affect the growth of perennials. A study conducted by the University of Connecticut found that the use of landscape fabric can lead to reduced root growth and decreased plant size in some perennial species. However, the study also noted that the fabric did not have a significant impact on the growth of other species.

It is important to note that while perennials can grow through landscape fabric, it is not always the best choice for their growth and health. Landscape fabric can limit soil aeration and water penetration, which can lead to root suffocation and reduced plant growth. Additionally, the fabric can make it difficult to add nutrients and make other changes to the soil, which can affect the long-term health of the plants.

Tips for Planting Perennials Through Landscape Fabric

Planting perennials through landscape fabric can be a challenging task, but it is possible with the right preparation and technique. Here are some tips to help you maximize your chances of success.

Prepare the soil properly

Before planting, remove any weeds or grass from the area and loosen the soil. It is also essential to add organic matter to the soil, such as compost or aged manure, to improve soil quality and promote healthy root growth.

Choose the right type of fabric

Different types of landscape fabric have varying degrees of permeability. Choose a fabric that allows for good air and water penetration, but still offers adequate weed control. Some fabrics are also better suited for specific types of plants, so be sure to do your research before purchasing.

Cut slits in the fabric

To plant perennials, cut slits or X-shaped holes in the fabric where you want to plant. Make sure the holes are large enough to accommodate the plant’s root ball but not too large to allow weeds to grow through.

Water thoroughly

After planting, water the plants thoroughly to help the roots establish in the soil. It is essential to water regularly, especially during hot and dry weather conditions, to prevent the soil from drying out and damaging the roots.

Monitor plant growth

Check the plants regularly for signs of stress, such as wilting or yellowing leaves. If you notice any issues, adjust your watering and fertilizing regimen accordingly.

Maintaining Perennials Planted Through Landscape Fabric

Once you’ve successfully planted your perennials through landscape fabric, it’s important to maintain them properly to ensure healthy growth and longevity.

Fertilize regularly

Perennials require nutrients to grow and thrive, so it’s essential to fertilize them regularly. Use a balanced fertilizer or one specifically formulated for perennials and follow the manufacturer’s instructions. Be careful not to over-fertilize, as this can damage the plants.

Mulch around plants

Mulch helps retain moisture in the soil and suppress weed growth. Apply a layer of organic mulch, such as shredded leaves or bark, around the base of the plants. Avoid piling the mulch too high against the stems, as this can cause moisture buildup and encourage disease.

Water appropriately

Watering is essential to the health of your perennials. Water deeply and infrequently to encourage deep root growth. Check the soil moisture regularly and water when the top inch of soil is dry. Be careful not to overwater, as this can lead to root rot and other issues.

Monitor for pests and diseases

Keep an eye out for pests and diseases that can damage your plants. Early detection and treatment are key to preventing serious damage. Remove any affected leaves or plants immediately and treat with an appropriate insecticide or fungicide.

Prune as needed

Pruning helps maintain the shape and health of your perennials. Remove any dead or damaged stems and prune back any overgrown or leggy growth. Be sure to use clean, sharp tools to avoid damaging the plants.

By fertilizing, mulching, watering appropriately, monitoring for pests and diseases, and pruning as needed, you can enjoy healthy, thriving plants in your garden for years to come.


Should you use landscape fabric with perennials?

Using landscape fabric with perennials can be a great way to control weeds and retain moisture, but it’s important to choose the right type of fabric and properly prepare and maintain your plants. By following the tips outlined in this article, you can maximize your chances of success when using landscape fabric with perennials.

How do you plant perennials in landscape fabric?

To plant perennials in landscape fabric, first remove any existing weeds and till the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches. Amend the soil with organic matter as needed. Cut holes in the fabric where you want to plant and make sure they are large enough to accommodate the roots of the plant. Place the plant in the hole and cover with soil, pressing firmly around the base of the plant. Water thoroughly after planting. For more detailed information, please refer to the “Tips for planting perennials through landscape fabric” section of this article.

Does landscape fabric hinder plant growth?

If used properly, landscape fabric does not hinder plant growth. However, improper installation or using the wrong type of fabric can lead to issues such as poor drainage or lack of air circulation, which can negatively impact plant growth. It’s important to choose the right type of fabric, prepare the soil properly, and follow the tips for planting and maintenance to ensure successful growth when using landscape fabric.

Can perennials grow through mulch?

Yes, perennials can grow through mulch. In fact, mulch can help improve soil moisture retention and suppress weed growth, which can benefit the growth of perennials. However, it’s important to apply mulch properly and avoid piling it up against the base of the plants, which can lead to moisture retention issues and potential rotting of the plant.


Planting perennials through landscape fabric can be a great way to control weeds, retain moisture, and create a low-maintenance garden. However, it’s important to choose the right type of fabric, prepare the soil properly, and follow the tips for planting and maintenance to ensure successful growth.

When choosing landscape fabric, consider the type of material, thickness, and permeability. Non-woven polypropylene fabrics are generally the best choice, as they are durable, breathable, and allow for adequate water and air flow.

To prepare the soil, remove any existing weeds, till the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches, and amend with organic matter. When planting, space the perennials properly and make sure the holes are large enough to accommodate the roots.

Proper maintenance is crucial for the health of your perennials. Fertilize regularly, mulch around the plants, water appropriately, monitor for pests and diseases, and prune as needed.

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